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Gross Rosen camp

The creation of a Gross Rosen subcamp in Fünfteichen (later Miłoszyce) near Breslau (Wrocław) was closely connected to the decision to build another armaments plant for the Maschinenfabriken Friedrich Krupp Berthawerk AG at that location. Ernst describes his constant fear in the face of true brutality at the hands of the SS.

The Gross Rosen concentration camp was originally established in 1940 as a subcamp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1941, it was designated an autonomous concentration camp. Here Ernst battled bouts of deep depression as friendships were severed as each man had to fend for himself. It was also where Ernst was first exposed to a crematorium and towering piles of corpses.

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